The evolutionary antibody to the extinction of humanity through specialization will be the computer.

Buckminster Fuller : Architect
One of Buckminster Fuller's proposals was a notion of "design science" which would prevent human's over-specialization. Compared to species of animals which evolve so drastically from their original state that it leads to extinction, Fuller warned against a similar fate for humans. Though the concept was first introduced in 1951, the invention of the computer for Fuller, presented a clear antidote to over-specialization. In 1969 in his "operating manual for spaceship earth", Fuller declared that the computer would save humans by assuming capacity for what would otherwise require too much specialization from humans.

Buckminster Fuller, Operating manual for spaceship earth. Southern Illinois University Press. 1969.