The Soviet Union will become a major steel-producing state in the world.

Joseph Stalin : General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union
Stalin's second five year plan, adopted in 1932, shifted the production priority to heavy industries. His prediction was for the USSR to become one of the major steel-producing countries in the world. During this time the improvement of industry forewent citizens' standards of living. Systems of communication and transportation were improved, while a system of incentives as well as punishments for workers was implemented. 'Planners' preferences replaced consumer preferences, the economy suffered, political persecution endured.