Technics, cities, and world-views will take in the development of Western Civilization. Mumford wrote critically of urban culture believing the city is "a product of earth ... a fact of nature ... man's method of expression. Mumford uses the example of the medieval city as the basis for the "ideal city," and claims that the modern city is too close to the Roman city (the sprawling megalopolis) which ended in collapse. Foresaw the disaster entailed by "scientific planning" of transport, embodied in the super-efficient highway, choking the city.
"Renewal of Life"