They’ll just outsource the pollution to developing countries. George Monbiot notes that his native Great Britain sets emissions-reduction targets and technically meets them — because its businesses are moving more and more industrial-plant operations out to other countries, such as China, where regulations are weaker and they can pollute with relative impunity.
Monbiot’s observations cast a cynical pall over most of the existing international accords on greenhouse-gas emissions. The implication is that decades from now, industrialized nations will tout on paper that they have achieved major reductions even while actual emissions continue to climb and the planet’s biosystem continues to alter. BUT… None of this is a foregone conclusion. China and other developing nations are voicing greater environmental concern now than they did 10 or 15 years ago. If their new green consciousness really takes hold and translates to major action on curbing emissions — as it did in Europe and North America decades ago — than catastrophe can be averted, in reality and on paper both.
Monbiot, G., (2011) "Cameron's 'green growth' policy looks naive today. It will look cynical in 2027", [online], Available: http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2011/may/23/pollution-developing-world-emissions