Andrei Levinson believes that the 2011-2012 protest movement in Moscow was indicative of a new way of collectivization. The rallies were completely open - information about planning and funding published in real time. As Levinson suggests, this could also be an example for the government in itself. A new sense of solidarity amongst the opposition was cultivated. "It is too early to tell when the force of such from above will next fall on the pavements of Moscow or other Russian cities. But Muscovites will carry this force, this membership in a society of freedom, in themselves in a hidden form. They will never surrender it to anyone."
"It is easy to write off the events of the last few months as a predictable prelude to bureaucratic revanchism. But the unanticipated protest movement also brought about a significant change, writes Alexei Levinson. This was the sense that Russians can now become members of an internalised free society. They are unlikely to give up this feeling any time soon."
Alexei Levinson, "The free city of Moscow: reflections on Russia’s protest movement" OpenDemocracy.net. 5 April 2012.