Archigram, an avant-garde art and architecture collective which formed during the 1960s, often incorporated scientific and technological models in their design work which envision urban futures. Their proposals often focused on networks, as a rejection of the formal starkness of modernist design. In this way, the city could be understood as a larger system or living organism. The Computer City project depicted the city as a network of flows - transportation, information, infrastructure. Inspired by biological nervous systems, these networks support the social and organic activity and freedom of urban life.
Dennis Crompton, Computer City Project – Axonometric, 1964.
"Simon Sadler, Archigram without Architecture. Cambridge: MIT Press. 2005. http://issuu.com/filipesilva/docs/0262693224"